: a Polish coin (also GROSZE) (plural: GROSZY)
[A GROSZ is worth 1/100 of a ZLOTY, which is valued at about 1/3 of a US dollar, putting the GROSZ’s value at about 1/3 of a US cent.
In case you were wondering–and I know you are–a gross (a dozen dozen) GROSZ would be worth valued at about $0.47 today.)]
: a smallish species of sub-Saharan antelope
: a plural form of “duo”
[As in, the “The program for tonight’s concert includes performances by three DUI.”]
: a smallish insectivorous mammal found in eastern and southern Africa
[“aard” means “earth” in Africaans/Dutch]
: a sound used to convey disgust or dismay (also AARRGH, AARGH)
: a place frequently visited, a haunt, often referring to a pub (also HOWF)
[A famous cemetery in Dundee, Scotland is known as The Howff, as it was originally a garden or orchard of the Franciscan Friary used as meeting place for the Dundee Incorporated Trades.]
: a forest humus
[That’s a type of humus, not hummus. It’s the dense layer of decomposed organic matter in the dark layer of the photo below.]
: a big game hunter, or hunting guide, in India (also SHIKAREE)
[SHIKAR is also a word, meaning to hunt. according to Wikipedia:
During the feudal and colonial times in India, hunting was regarded as a regal sport in the numerous princely states, as many maharajas and nawabs, as well as British officers, maintained a whole corps of shikaris (big-game hunters), who were native professional hunters. They would be headed by a master of the hunt, who might be styled mir-shikar. Often, they recruited the normally low-ranking local tribes because of their traditional knowledge of the environment and hunting techniques. Big game, such as Bengal tigers, might be hunted from the back of an elephant.
Indian social norms are generally antagonistic to hunting, while a few sects, such as theBishnoi, lay special emphasis on the conservation of particular species, such as the antelope. India’s Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 bans the killing of all wild animals. However, the Chief Wildlife Warden may, if satisfied that any wild animal from a specified list has become dangerous to human life, or is so disabled or diseased as to be beyond recovery, permit any person to hunt such an animal. In this case, the body of any wild animal killed or wounded becomes government property.
: a ditch or trench (also SHEUGH)
[from the Middle English sogh, meaning swamp]
[There are a lot of claims on the internet about PHAT’s etymology, and several point to its earliest found use in print, in a 1963 issue of Time magazine. I can’t confirm that, except to report that my Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang, a source I trust lists:
phat: adjective orig US African-American A term of general of sexual commendation. 1963–
THE FACE They’re just really distinctive–a crew with a really phat funk sound (1992)
: dwarfism, abnormal smallness
[One form is Mulibrey nanism (“MUscle-LIver-BRain-EYe nanism”), also called Perheentupa syndrome and pericardial constriction with growth failure]
: containing mucus
: a hunter, generally German or Swiss (also JAEGER)
[Unsurprisingly, JAGER comes from the German, jäger, a hunter.]
: a fast driver, the driver of a coach or cab
[JEHU is an eponym, derived from Jehu, a 9th Century BC king of Israel, who according to the account in II Kings, had Jezebel killed in accordance with Elijah’s prophecy.
The text alluded to from that passage is “And the watchman told, saying, He came even unto them, and cometh not again: and the driving [is] like the driving of Jehu, the son of Nimshi, for he driveth furiously.” (King James Bible “Authorized Version”, Cambridge Edition)]